World Economic Survey 1990

Current Trends and Policies in the World Economy

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The dramatic political upheavals that occurred in 1989 marked the end of a long period of intense international dispute over the appropriate organization of modern industrial societies. However, the transition that has been set in motion has so far generated much political turmoil and economic crisis. World output grew by 3.1 per cent, compared with 4.4 per cent in 1988. The problem arising from the external debts of the developing countries persisted.




The year 1989 witnessed changes of historic proportions. The upheavals in Eastern Europe were mainly political in nature but have great economic significance for the countries of the region, as well as for the world at large. The easing of tension between the super-Powers has improved the prospect for reductions of defence expenditures and genuine cooperation on issues of global concern. Together, these largely unexpected changes hold out great promise for economic and social development throughout the world.


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