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World Humanitarian Data and Trends 2016

image of World Humanitarian Data and Trends 2016

World Humanitarian Data and Trends is an annual OCHA publication, which highlights major trends in the nature of humanitarian crises, their underlying causes and drivers, and the actors that participate in crises prevention, response and recovery. Beyond providing statistics, the report uses infographics to display trend analyses that show how the humanitarian landscape is evolving and how the humanitarian system can be more effective in a rapidly changing world. Data used in the report comes from a variety of sources and partners. The report is structured in three main sections: 'the year in review', which provides an overview of the humanitarian landscape in terms of funding, capacity, crises and appeals, a ‘regional perspectives’ section and ‘trends, challenges and opportunities’, which provides case studies on issues that impact humanitarian operations. The report is anchored in the Agenda for Humanity, launched at the World Humanitarian Summit held in May 2016. Highlights for 2016 include a new case studies on the development profile of people in humanitarian need, the protection of healthcare in emergencies, gender-based violence, disability in humanitarian action and financing local actors. The report aims to provide a "one-stop" shop for policy makers, researchers and humanitarian practitioners to have an evidence-base and advocacy tools for humanitarian assistance. This report is one part of OCHA's efforts to improve data and analysis on humanitarian situations worldwide.

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Link between IDPs, refugees and migrants

People move from their country of origin for many reasons: family, in search of better economic prospects, to flee conflict and violence or for professional advancement, among others. People who leave their country in a predominantly voluntary nature are considered international migrants, to be distinguished from refugees and IDPs. Refugees have a specific legal status, while IDPs are forced to leave their homes but stay in their country of origin. However, these categories are not as rigid as they appear. International migrants sometimes leave to escape situations of extreme deprivation, casting doubt over how ‘voluntary’ their move was. A person may also be considered an IDP, refugee

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