World Humanitarian Data and Trends 2018

image of World Humanitarian Data and Trends 2018

World Humanitarian Data and Trends is an annual OCHA publication, which highlights major trends in the nature of humanitarian crises, their underlying causes and drivers, and the actors that participate in crises prevention, response and recovery. Beyond providing statistics, the report uses infographics to display trend analyses that show how the humanitarian landscape is evolving and how the humanitarian system can be more effective in a rapidly changing world. Data used in the report comes from a variety of sources and partners. The report is structured in three main sections: ‘the year in review’, which provides an overview of the humanitarian landscape in terms of funding, capacity, crises and appeals, a ‘regional perspectives’ section and ‘trends, challenges and opportunities’, which provides case studies on issues that impact humanitarian operations. The report is anchored in the Agenda for Humanity, launched at the World Humanitarian Summit held in May 2016. Highlights for 2018 include new case studies on protracted crises – the length of international response, the distribution of funding and people targeted for aid over time – as well as case studies on using artificial intelligence to track displacement, supporting local action through country-based pooled funds and attacks on education and healthcare facilities. The report aims to provide a “one-stop” shop for policy makers, researchers and humanitarian practitioners to have an evidence-base and advocacy tools for humanitarian assistance. This report is one part of OCHA’s efforts to improve data and analysis on humanitarian situations worldwide.



Humanitarian needs – inter-agency appeals, funding and visibility

In 2017, appeal funding requirements increased by 16 per cent compared to 2016 levels, reaching $23.9 billion. Overall, the amount of funding received per person increased slightly from $98 in 2016 to $102 in 2017, but with significant differences between countries. For example, Senegal received $8 per person while Myanmar received $221 per person. The funding gap also varied between countries, with the humanitarian response plan for Iraq receiving 95 per cent of funding requested compared to 27 per cent for Djibouti. Seven inter-agency appeals crossed the billion-dollar mark (Ethiopia, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Syria, Syria Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan and Yemen), an increase from four in 2016. Humanitarian needs in Iraq, Syria and Yemen increased despite a fall in the number of people targeted, reflecting an increase in the costs of humanitarian delivery in these areas. This year, the report also tracks the number of people in need in each country. Yemen had the highest number of people in need (18.8 million).


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