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World Humanitarian Data and Trends 2018

image of World Humanitarian Data and Trends 2018

World Humanitarian Data and Trends is an annual OCHA publication, which highlights major trends in the nature of humanitarian crises, their underlying causes and drivers, and the actors that participate in crises prevention, response and recovery. Beyond providing statistics, the report uses infographics to display trend analyses that show how the humanitarian landscape is evolving and how the humanitarian system can be more effective in a rapidly changing world. Data used in the report comes from a variety of sources and partners. The report is structured in three main sections: ‘the year in review’, which provides an overview of the humanitarian landscape in terms of funding, capacity, crises and appeals, a ‘regional perspectives’ section and ‘trends, challenges and opportunities’, which provides case studies on issues that impact humanitarian operations. The report is anchored in the Agenda for Humanity, launched at the World Humanitarian Summit held in May 2016. Highlights for 2018 include new case studies on protracted crises – the length of international response, the distribution of funding and people targeted for aid over time – as well as case studies on using artificial intelligence to track displacement, supporting local action through country-based pooled funds and attacks on education and healthcare facilities. The report aims to provide a “one-stop” shop for policy makers, researchers and humanitarian practitioners to have an evidence-base and advocacy tools for humanitarian assistance. This report is one part of OCHA’s efforts to improve data and analysis on humanitarian situations worldwide.

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Measuring durable solutions

The specific needs and human rights concerns of internally displaced persons (IDPs) do not automatically disappear when a conflict or disaster ends. Nor do they fade away when people initially find refuge. Rather, the displaced—whether they return to their place of origin, settle elsewhere in the country or integrate locally—achieve a durable solution when they no longer suffer from specific assistance and protection needs linked to their displacement and can enjoy their human rights without discrimination on account of their displacement. This definition is outlined in the Inter-Agency Standing Committee’s (IASC) Framework on Durable Solutions for IDPs. Under the mandate of the UN Statistical Commission, an Expert Group on Refugee and IDP Statistics is working to determine an authoritative statistical framework for internal displacement, including how to measure durable solutions. This work will be completed in 2020; in the meantime, there are a number of initiatives to showcase.

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