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World Humanitarian Data and Trends 2018

image of World Humanitarian Data and Trends 2018

World Humanitarian Data and Trends is an annual OCHA publication, which highlights major trends in the nature of humanitarian crises, their underlying causes and drivers, and the actors that participate in crises prevention, response and recovery. Beyond providing statistics, the report uses infographics to display trend analyses that show how the humanitarian landscape is evolving and how the humanitarian system can be more effective in a rapidly changing world. Data used in the report comes from a variety of sources and partners. The report is structured in three main sections: ‘the year in review’, which provides an overview of the humanitarian landscape in terms of funding, capacity, crises and appeals, a ‘regional perspectives’ section and ‘trends, challenges and opportunities’, which provides case studies on issues that impact humanitarian operations. The report is anchored in the Agenda for Humanity, launched at the World Humanitarian Summit held in May 2016. Highlights for 2018 include new case studies on protracted crises – the length of international response, the distribution of funding and people targeted for aid over time – as well as case studies on using artificial intelligence to track displacement, supporting local action through country-based pooled funds and attacks on education and healthcare facilities. The report aims to provide a “one-stop” shop for policy makers, researchers and humanitarian practitioners to have an evidence-base and advocacy tools for humanitarian assistance. This report is one part of OCHA’s efforts to improve data and analysis on humanitarian situations worldwide.

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The Sahel and Lake Chad Basin: a history of recurrent crises

The Sahel and Lake Chad Basin regions have a history of recurrent, protracted crises. Trends show that over time, these crises have increased in cost, scope and duration, driven both by natural hazards and conflict. Appeals for Burkina Faso, Mali and Mauritania were launched in 2012, while appeals for Cameroon, Nigeria and Senegal were launched in 2014. At the time of writing, all continued to be active. In 2017, humanitarian funding requirements peaked at $3.5 billion, equivalent to 15 per cent of global appeal requirements. The region has struggled to receive adequate levels of humanitarian funding: the amount of funding received stagnated between 2012 and 2016, despite an increase in the regions’ overall funding needs. Since 2014, the funding gap for the regions has been above the global average by an average of 20 per cent—meaning that millions of people do not have access to life-saving assistance. While the amount of funding received per person increased from $60 in 2012 to $86 in 2017, this has not kept pace with needs; the funding gap per person increased from 37 per cent to 65 per cent in the same period. The majority of funding has gone towards food security and nutrition.

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