World Humanitarian Data and Trends 2018

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World Humanitarian Data and Trends is an annual OCHA publication, which highlights major trends in the nature of humanitarian crises, their underlying causes and drivers, and the actors that participate in crises prevention, response and recovery. Beyond providing statistics, the report uses infographics to display trend analyses that show how the humanitarian landscape is evolving and how the humanitarian system can be more effective in a rapidly changing world. Data used in the report comes from a variety of sources and partners. The report is structured in three main sections: ‘the year in review’, which provides an overview of the humanitarian landscape in terms of funding, capacity, crises and appeals, a ‘regional perspectives’ section and ‘trends, challenges and opportunities’, which provides case studies on issues that impact humanitarian operations. The report is anchored in the Agenda for Humanity, launched at the World Humanitarian Summit held in May 2016. Highlights for 2018 include new case studies on protracted crises – the length of international response, the distribution of funding and people targeted for aid over time – as well as case studies on using artificial intelligence to track displacement, supporting local action through country-based pooled funds and attacks on education and healthcare facilities. The report aims to provide a “one-stop” shop for policy makers, researchers and humanitarian practitioners to have an evidence-base and advocacy tools for humanitarian assistance. This report is one part of OCHA’s efforts to improve data and analysis on humanitarian situations worldwide.



Natural disasters in 2017

There were 11 more natural disasters in 2017 than in 2016, which contributed to a massive increase in the total cost of damage, from $186 billion to $340 billion. This was largely a result of severe hurricanes and storms in the United States and the Caribbean that damaged highly developed and built-up areas. These hurricanes alone caused combined damage of more than $220 billion—more than the entire total in 2016. Despite the increase in damage caused by natural disasters, the number of affected people fell from 204 million in 2016 to 95.5 million in 2017—potentially reflecting strong national preparedness plans. People in Bangladesh, China and India were most affected by natural disasters. 2017 also saw a record number of storms (127, concentrated mostly in Asia and the Americas), while the number of earthquakes, floods and droughts all decreased. Asia continued to be the most disaster-prone region, with the highest number of disasters and people affected, although both figures decreased from 2016 levels. Natural disasters also caused the displacement of 18.8 million people, most of them in Asia.


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