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World Humanitarian Data and Trends 2018

image of World Humanitarian Data and Trends 2018

World Humanitarian Data and Trends is an annual OCHA publication, which highlights major trends in the nature of humanitarian crises, their underlying causes and drivers, and the actors that participate in crises prevention, response and recovery. Beyond providing statistics, the report uses infographics to display trend analyses that show how the humanitarian landscape is evolving and how the humanitarian system can be more effective in a rapidly changing world. Data used in the report comes from a variety of sources and partners. The report is structured in three main sections: ‘the year in review’, which provides an overview of the humanitarian landscape in terms of funding, capacity, crises and appeals, a ‘regional perspectives’ section and ‘trends, challenges and opportunities’, which provides case studies on issues that impact humanitarian operations. The report is anchored in the Agenda for Humanity, launched at the World Humanitarian Summit held in May 2016. Highlights for 2018 include new case studies on protracted crises – the length of international response, the distribution of funding and people targeted for aid over time – as well as case studies on using artificial intelligence to track displacement, supporting local action through country-based pooled funds and attacks on education and healthcare facilities. The report aims to provide a “one-stop” shop for policy makers, researchers and humanitarian practitioners to have an evidence-base and advocacy tools for humanitarian assistance. This report is one part of OCHA’s efforts to improve data and analysis on humanitarian situations worldwide.

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Education in emergencies

Safeguarding schools and other education facilities is crucial to the protection of children in conflict. Since the onset of the conflict in 2011, the protracted crisis in Syria has resulted in grave consequences for the education system, for both human resources and infrastructure. By May 2018, more than 2 million children between the ages of 5 and 17 were out of school, while more than 180,000 education personnel, including teachers, have abandoned school sites and classrooms. International humanitarian law prohibits the targeting of civilian objects, emphasizing the importance of schools and hospitals to the civilian population, especially children. However, schools continue to be targeted during conflicts; in Syria more than 1 in 3 schools are out of service because they have either been damaged/destroyed, repurposed by the military, or used to house internally displaced persons. The Agenda for Humanity called on stakeholders to ensure education for all children and young people living in crisis. This transformation is fundamental to ensuring no one is left behind.

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