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Achieving Global Sustainability

Policy Recommendations

image of Achieving Global Sustainability
This book looks at how to achieve a more secure level of global sustainability and gathers recommendations. It analyzes the relationship between globalization and sustainability, evaluating arguments on the necessity of fundamental changes in economic growth and discusses the radical evolutions in socioeconomic development in terms of social common capital, social discipline and economic valuation of the environment. The publication also examines strategies for achieving a sustainable society and presents an overview on adaptation for environmental change. Finally, it introduces policy recommendations for global sustainability, including those advocating a low-carbon society by 2050, a Green New Deal as a means of integrating policies, climate security, and international discipline.

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Introduction

The twentieth century was an era in which economic development and growth were achieved by burning fossil fuels, or in other words by continually increasing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. When delegations from 161 countries gathered in 1997 at the Kyoto International Conference Center and agreed to oblige industrialized nations to cut emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) – such as the CO2 that was emblematic of the twentieth century – it was an epoch-making event that marked a historic turning point. At the same time, it signified a farewell to a twentiethcentury model of industrial civilization that had been characterized by oil and automobiles. The Kyoto Protocol was viewed as standing in opposition to the morals and principles of market fundamentalism: its contents imposed “regulations” on industrialized nations in the sense that it set obligatory reduction amounts, and thus went against the basic principle of market fundamentalism, which believes that a free, competitive market economy is the optimal system.

English

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