Assessing Environmental Impacts

A Global Review of Legislation

image of Assessing Environmental Impacts

This report provides an overview of the current status of national legislation and institutional arrangements of relevance to EIAs and SEAs across the globe, as well as emerging issues and trends. It does this primarily through providing examples from a wide selection of countries of their EIA/SEA arrangements and in relation to the different steps of the EIA/SEA processes. These steps include: (1) Screening; (2) Scoping and Impact Analysis; (3) Review of the EIA/SEA report; (4) Decision-making; (5) Follow-up and Adaptive Management and (6) Public Participation as a cross-cutting issue.



Key findings and concluding remarks

It is without question that EIAs continue to be one of the (if not the) most important environmental planning and management tools globally. Since EIAs first entered the stage almost 50 years ago, and quickly gained momentum at international and regional levels, national governments across the world integrated EIAs into their legal frameworks and gained experience in implementation. Consequently, there is a huge wealth of literature on achievements and success stories as well as remaining shortcomings and challenges. Legal reform processes regularly target EIA systems in order to further strengthen and improve them.


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