Best Practice Guidance for Effective Methane Drainage and Use in Coal Mines

image of Best Practice Guidance for Effective Methane Drainage and Use in Coal Mines

Coal mines are not only a safety management challenge but also a major source of greenhouse gas emissions. Methane release during coal mining creates unsafe working conditions in underground coal mines around the world. This Guidance is intended to provide a genuine contribution to improve mine safety practices at active underground coal mines, by supporting safer mining practices to reduce fatalities, injuries, and property losses, while encouraging the use of coal mine methane (CMM) to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and utilize otherwise –wasted energy resources.

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Executive summary

The world has relied upon coal for a significant portion of its primary energy production since the Industrial Revolution. The world’s major industrialised, emerging, and transitional economies—and hence, the global economy—will be dependent on coal energy resources for the foreseeable future. Today, coal supplies 25% of global primary energy, 40% of global electricity, and almost 70% of the world’s steel and aluminum industry. The International Energy Agency (IEA) projects that emerging economies will see energy demand grow 93% by 2030, driven largely by demand growth in China and India, and coal is expected to be the leading fuel to meet this growing demand (IEA, 2009).

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