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有效抽采及利用煤矿区煤层气 最佳实施方案指南

image of 有效抽采及利用煤矿区煤层气 最佳实施方案指南

Coal mines are not only a safety management challenge but also a major source of greenhouse gas emissions. Methane release during coal mining creates unsafe working conditions in underground coal mines around the world. This Guidance is intended to provide a genuine contribution to improve mine safety practices at active underground coal mines, by supporting safer mining practices to reduce fatalities, injuries, and property losses, while encouraging the use of coal mine methane (CMM) to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and utilize otherwise—wasted energy resources.

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前言

在过去两个世纪里,煤炭已经成为全球一次能源生产的重要来源,而在不远的将来,煤炭也将 继续成为全球主要能源。煤炭开采所释放的甲烷对井下开采环境造成严重的安全威胁,瓦斯事故每 年都会导致巨大的人员伤亡。 然而瓦斯管理并不仅仅是出于对安全方面的考虑。直接将甲烷排放到 大气中,尤其是通过抽放系统排出,会造成永久性的能源损耗,而产生的排放物也会对气候变化造 成不利影响。幸运的是,我们可以利用有效协调的解决方案来处理这些问题。

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