District Energy in Cities

Unlocking the Potential of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

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This guide collects and summarizes good practices on the successful mediation of resource conflicts. It draws on the field experiences of mediators and mediation experts, specifically those with natural resource expertise. It also features lessons learned from UNEP’s work on environmental diplomacy in different conflict-affected countries, with a particular focus on how to use impartial technical knowledge to equalize stakeholder information in a mediation process.



Realizing national objectives and full benefits of district energy

In China, pollution penalties play an important role in driving the modernization of district energy systems, which currently meet 30% of heat demand. Anshan’s investment in a transmission line to integrate the city’s isolated boilers and to capture surplus waste heat is projected to have three-year payback period due to the avoided penalties on pollution and to a 1.2 million ton reduction in annual coal use.


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