Economic Valuation of Wastewater

The Cost of Action and the Cost of No Action

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This book presents the results of an analytical study on the economic valuation for wastewater, comparing the cost of no action versus the cost of effective wastewater management.




To reverse current trends, and prevent and address the negative consequences from untreated wastewater, many countries should invest in wastewater management systems, especially developing countries. Several criteria could be adopted for decision making. However, the economic criterion, which considers overall costs and benefits for society, is needed to support public policy decisions for investments in this area.


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