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有效抽采及利用煤矿区煤层气 最佳实施方案指南

image of 有效抽采及利用煤矿区煤层气 最佳实施方案指南

Coal mines are not only a safety management challenge but also a major source of greenhouse gas emissions. Methane release during coal mining creates unsafe working conditions in underground coal mines around the world. This Guidance is intended to provide a genuine contribution to improve mine safety practices at active underground coal mines, by supporting safer mining practices to reduce fatalities, injuries, and property losses, while encouraging the use of coal mine methane (CMM) to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and utilize otherwise—wasted energy resources.

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执行概要

自工业革命以来,煤炭在世界一次能源生产中始终占据重要地位。未来一段时期,主要的工业 经济、新兴经济、过渡经济乃至全球经济仍将依赖煤炭能源。目前,煤炭占全球一次能源消费总量 的25%,占电力行业能源消耗的40%,占钢铁业和铝业能源消耗的近70%。国际能源署(IEA)指出, 2030 年新兴经济体的能源需求将增长93%,其中大部分增长来自中国和印度。煤炭将成为满足这部 分需求的重要来源。(IEA, 2009)。

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