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Environmental Performance Reviews: Georgia

Third Review

image of Environmental Performance Reviews: Georgia

This series assists countries to improve their environmental policies by making concrete recommendations for better policy design and implementation. It helps integrate environmental policies into sector-specific policies such as those in agriculture, energy, transport and health. The present publication contains the third Environmental Performance Review of Georgia. The review takes stock of the progress made by Georgia in the management of its environment since the country was reviewed in 2010 for the second time. It assesses the implementation of the recommendations contained in the second review. It also discusses issues on air protection, water management, including protection of the Black Sea, waste management, biodiversity, forests and protected areas, energy, industry, agriculture, transport, forestry, tourism, health and risk management of natural and technological/anthropogenic hazards.

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Introduction: Environmental conditions and pressures

Georgia has a land area of 69,700 km2 and is located in the mountainous South Caucasus region of Eurasia, which stretches from the Black Sea to the Caspian Sea. The country’s northern border runs roughly along the crest of the Greater Caucasus mountain range. In addition to this mountain range, Georgia is bounded by the Lesser Caucasus mountains to the south, while the Likhi mountain range divides the country into eastern and western halves. The western border of the country is formed by the 315-km-long Black Sea coastline.

English

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