Environmental Performance Reviews: Georgia

Third Review

image of Environmental Performance Reviews: Georgia

This series assists countries to improve their environmental policies by making concrete recommendations for better policy design and implementation. It helps integrate environmental policies into sector-specific policies such as those in agriculture, energy, transport and health. The present publication contains the third Environmental Performance Review of Georgia. The review takes stock of the progress made by Georgia in the management of its environment since the country was reviewed in 2010 for the second time. It assesses the implementation of the recommendations contained in the second review. It also discusses issues on air protection, water management, including protection of the Black Sea, waste management, biodiversity, forests and protected areas, energy, industry, agriculture, transport, forestry, tourism, health and risk management of natural and technological/anthropogenic hazards.



Transport and environment

Due to the position of Georgia in the Caucasus regions and on the coast of the Black Sea, the development of its transport sector is determined to a large extent by its strategic position for energy imports by the EU from neighbouring Azerbaijan, and for east–west and north–south trade flows. In response to its strategic position as a transit country, Georgia has invested in important infrastructure projects to increase the effectiveness of its transport system. The stated priorities of the Government are to achieve coordinated functioning of transport modes, to modernize its transport infrastructure in accordance with international standards and to harmonize the country’s legislation with international law. As the backdrop to these priorities, the 2014 EU Association Agreement contains a chapter on Transport and is expected to have considerable impact on these priorities in the years to come.


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