Environmental Performance Reviews: Georgia

Third Review

image of Environmental Performance Reviews: Georgia

This series assists countries to improve their environmental policies by making concrete recommendations for better policy design and implementation. It helps integrate environmental policies into sector-specific policies such as those in agriculture, energy, transport and health. The present publication contains the third Environmental Performance Review of Georgia. The review takes stock of the progress made by Georgia in the management of its environment since the country was reviewed in 2010 for the second time. It assesses the implementation of the recommendations contained in the second review. It also discusses issues on air protection, water management, including protection of the Black Sea, waste management, biodiversity, forests and protected areas, energy, industry, agriculture, transport, forestry, tourism, health and risk management of natural and technological/anthropogenic hazards.



Energy and environment

The main energy sources in Georgia are natural gas, petroleum products, hydropower and biomass. Hydropower dominates Georgia’s electricity generation sector, while the national economy depends on imports for the bulk of its primary energy requirements due to the low level of domestic oil and gas resources and there being only a few coal deposits in the country. The national energy sector is composed of the natural gas transportation and distribution sectors, power generation plants, the Georgian State Electrosystem (GSE), up to 34 natural gas distribution companies and three large power distribution companies. More than 70 per cent of primary energy supply is imported; fossil fuels make up more than 70 per cent of this.


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