Environmental Performance Reviews: Georgia

Third Review

image of Environmental Performance Reviews: Georgia

This series assists countries to improve their environmental policies by making concrete recommendations for better policy design and implementation. It helps integrate environmental policies into sector-specific policies such as those in agriculture, energy, transport and health. The present publication contains the third Environmental Performance Review of Georgia. The review takes stock of the progress made by Georgia in the management of its environment since the country was reviewed in 2010 for the second time. It assesses the implementation of the recommendations contained in the second review. It also discusses issues on air protection, water management, including protection of the Black Sea, waste management, biodiversity, forests and protected areas, energy, industry, agriculture, transport, forestry, tourism, health and risk management of natural and technological/anthropogenic hazards.



Forestry and environment

Georgia is a country rich in forests, which extend from floodplain forests along the Black Sea coasts to sub-alpine stands. They occupy about 40 per cent of the territory, a total of 2,822,500 ha, with an unequal distribution across the regions. Approximately 97 per cent are located on the slopes of the Greater and Smaller Caucasus mountain ranges; the rest are found in the valleys of east Georgia and the Kolkheti lowlands. Compared to adjacent countries in the Caucasus, Georgia is relatively densely wooded. Forests cover 11 per cent of the territory in Azerbaijan and 10 per cent in Armenia, mainly due to unfavourable natural and soil conditions and scarce rainfall.


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