Environmental Performance Reviews: Turkmenistan

image of Environmental Performance Reviews: Turkmenistan

The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) carries out Environmental Performance Reviews (EPR) in its member States that are not members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in order to improve their environmental management by recommending ways to achieve better policy implementation. This first EPR of Turkmenistan covers 13 issues related to policymaking, planning and implementation, the financing of environmental policies and projects and the integration of environmental concerns into economic sectors, in particular the sustainable management and protection of water resources, waste management, air pollution, forestry, biodiversity and protected areas, energy and climate change.



Forestry and forest management

Forests grow in severe climatic conditions on the territory of Turkmenistan, which is a part of the geographical zone of extended deserts in the northern hemisphere. The deserts of central, Zaunguzskij and south-eastern Karakum, as well as other deserted lands, occupy more than 80 per cent of the country. Almost 20 per cent of the country’s territory is covered by mountains: the Kopetdag Mountains and, to the north, the separated mountain ridges of Small and Grand Balkhany. The Koytendag Mountains are located to the east, as well as the highest peaks of the country, up to 3,140 m above sea level.


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