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Environmental Performance Reviews: Turkmenistan

image of Environmental Performance Reviews: Turkmenistan

The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) carries out Environmental Performance Reviews (EPR) in its member States that are not members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in order to improve their environmental management by recommending ways to achieve better policy implementation. This first EPR of Turkmenistan covers 13 issues related to policymaking, planning and implementation, the financing of environmental policies and projects and the integration of environmental concerns into economic sectors, in particular the sustainable management and protection of water resources, waste management, air pollution, forestry, biodiversity and protected areas, energy and climate change.

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Land management

In Turkmenistan, three main natural landscape zones may be distinguished: deserts, oases and mountains. The territory of Turkmenistan is 491,209 km2. About 80 per cent is occupied by the Karakum Desert, one of the largest deserts in the world. Four fifths of the country lies at an elevation of 500 m above sea level or less. The Archakay depression located in the north-central part of the country is the lowest point, with an elevation of 92 m below sea level, and the highest point is the peak of Turkmenbashy (or Ayrybaba), at 3,139 m in the Köýtendag range (the western extent of the Pamir-Alay). Thus, no high mountains with permanent snow and glaciers are present in the country.

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