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Environmental Performance Reviews: Azerbaijan

image of Environmental Performance Reviews: Azerbaijan

Environmental Performance Reviews promote sustainable development throughout Europe. They present detailed studies on the environmental position of each country and examine the framework for environmental policy and management. This evaluation focuses on Azerbaijan.

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Air management and transport

Total emissions of air pollutants by stationary and mobile sources have fallen since 1990, due to the recession and reduced industrial activity. In 1990 total discharges into the air from stationary sources amounted to 2.1 million tons, while in 2002 this was only 217,000 tons. Air pollution is most severe in the capital city of Baku, an industrial hub of the former Soviet Union, as well as in other large cities such as Sumgayit, the chemical production centre. During the same period emissions from transport have increased following a rapid growth in car ownership and use. Traffic is burgeoning in cities, but vehicle registration, inspection and maintenance lag behind what is needed to support efforts to improve air quality. Poor fuel quality and ageing vehicle s worsen the emission problems. In 2002 about 620,000 tons of pollutants were emitted into the atmosphere, of these, 65% were car exhaust gases. The situation will worsen if idle enterprises start working at full capacity again.

English

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