Environmental Performance Reviews: Bosnia and Herzegovina

Second Review

image of Environmental Performance Reviews: Bosnia and Herzegovina

The Environmental Performance Reviews Programme is considered an important instrument for countries with economies in transition. The second round puts particular emphasis on implementation, integration, financing and the socio-economic interface with the environment. This report takes stock of the progress made by Bosnia and Herzegovina in the management of its environment since the country was first reviewed in 2004. It assesses the implementation of the recommendations in the first review (Annex I). It also covers nine issues of importance to Bosnia and Herzegovina concerning policymaking, planning and implementation, the financing of environmental policies and projects, and the integration of environmental concerns into economic sectors, in particular water management, waste management and forestry.



Compliance and enforcement mechanisms

Each entities’ law on environmental protection introduced significant new instruments for environmental protection and for integrating environmental concerns in economic sectors, namely environmental permits and details for the preparation of environmental impact assessments (EIAs). Furthermore, since 2006 all entity level ministry inspectorates (including non-environmental ones) have been subordinated to a single entity-level administration for inspection activities. This consolidation of inspection activities has been accompanied by an institutional separation of inspection and permit-issuing processes, an important condition of EU directives, which was introduced at all relevant governmental/administrative levels in the country, thus improving the quality and integrity of compliance mechanisms.


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