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Environmental Performance Reviews: Bosnia and Herzegovina

Second Review

image of Environmental Performance Reviews: Bosnia and Herzegovina

The Environmental Performance Reviews Programme is considered an important instrument for countries with economies in transition. The second round puts particular emphasis on implementation, integration, financing and the socio-economic interface with the environment. This report takes stock of the progress made by Bosnia and Herzegovina in the management of its environment since the country was first reviewed in 2004. It assesses the implementation of the recommendations in the first review (Annex I). It also covers nine issues of importance to Bosnia and Herzegovina concerning policymaking, planning and implementation, the financing of environmental policies and projects, and the integration of environmental concerns into economic sectors, in particular water management, waste management and forestry.

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Sustainable management of water resources

The hydro-geographical position of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) extends across two sub-catchment areas: the Adriatic Sea basin covering 24.3 per cent of the country and the Black Sea river basin covering 75.7 per cent of the country. The main water courses of the Black Sea basin are the Una, Vrbas, Ukrina, Bosna and Drina rivers. In the Adriatic Sea catchment area, the main rivers are the Neretva, Trebisnjica and Cetina rivers. One of the basic characteristics of the hydrographic network in BiH is that a high proportion of the water courses form part of international water courses.

English

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