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Environmental Performance Reviews: Bosnia and Herzegovina

Second Review

image of Environmental Performance Reviews: Bosnia and Herzegovina

The Environmental Performance Reviews Programme is considered an important instrument for countries with economies in transition. The second round puts particular emphasis on implementation, integration, financing and the socio-economic interface with the environment. This report takes stock of the progress made by Bosnia and Herzegovina in the management of its environment since the country was first reviewed in 2004. It assesses the implementation of the recommendations in the first review (Annex I). It also covers nine issues of importance to Bosnia and Herzegovina concerning policymaking, planning and implementation, the financing of environmental policies and projects, and the integration of environmental concerns into economic sectors, in particular water management, waste management and forestry.

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Policymaking framework for sustainable development and environmental protection

An important driver in the reform efforts of the BiH environment sector since the first Environmental Performance Reviews (EPR), carried out in 2003 has been the prospect of eventual European Union (EU) membership and the adoption and transposition of the EU acquis. The pre-accession period has created important opportunities for the country to start systematically adapting its laws and accessing additional resources and technical assistance, before completing the stabilization and association process. However, the EU accession process has created complex challenges for BiH, since adoption of the entire EU environmental acquis requires extensive changes to the existing institutional and legal framework.

English

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