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Environmental Performance Reviews: Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Second Review

image of Environmental Performance Reviews: Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

The first Environmental Performance Reviews (EPR) of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia was carried out in 2002. This second review intends to measure the progress made by the country in managing its environment and in addressing upcoming environmental challenges since the first EPR. To fight its difficult economic situation, after gaining its independence in 1991, the government carried out regulatory and structural reforms in order to correct its macroeconomic instability and facilitate the transition to a market economy. It pursued a range of economic reforms which were aimed at stimulating economic growth and improving the living standards of the population through development of the private sector, improvement of the investment climate and greater job creation.

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Sustainable management of water resources

Climatic parameters such as temperature, wind and moisture vary across the country and determine the hydrological regime in different regions. Precipitation with 700 mm to more than 1,000 mm in the west and 350 to 550 mm in the centre and in the east is spread unevenly in space and time. About 2 per cent of the total surface is surface water.

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