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Environmental Performance Reviews: Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Second Review

image of Environmental Performance Reviews: Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

The first Environmental Performance Reviews (EPR) of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia was carried out in 2002. This second review intends to measure the progress made by the country in managing its environment and in addressing upcoming environmental challenges since the first EPR. To fight its difficult economic situation, after gaining its independence in 1991, the government carried out regulatory and structural reforms in order to correct its macroeconomic instability and facilitate the transition to a market economy. It pursued a range of economic reforms which were aimed at stimulating economic growth and improving the living standards of the population through development of the private sector, improvement of the investment climate and greater job creation.

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Waste management

Signifi cant progress has been achieved since the fi rst EPR, particularly in the development of the policymaking and legal framework, with the adoption of the 2004 Law on Waste Management, the National Waste Management Strategy for the period 2008-2020, and the National Waste Management Plan for the period 2009-2015. Additionally, a considerable amount of secondary legislation has been adopted. Waste management is viewed both by the Government and the Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning (MoEPP) as among the top two environmental priorities of the country, alongside water management. Thus, signifi cant institutional progress has been achieved with the establishment of a Department of Waste Management under MoEPP, although it remains understaffed.

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