Environmental Performance Reviews: Georgia

Second Review

image of Environmental Performance Reviews: Georgia

This is the second EPR of Georgia published by UNECE. The report takes stock of the progress made by Georgia in the management of its environment since the country was first reviewed in 2001. It assesses the implementation of the recommendations in the first review (Annex I). It also covers nine issues of importance to Georgia concerning policymaking, planning and implementation, the financing of environmental policies and projects, and the integration of environmental concerns into economic sectors, in particular water management, waste management, risk management and forestry. The main outcome of the EPR is the recommendations, which were elaborated by the Expert Group, peer reviewed, discussed with a high-level delegation from Georgia and adopted by the UNECE Committee on Environmental Policy on 15 March 2010.



Economic instruments and expenditures for environmental protection

Environmental pollution is a prime example of an externality of human activity. It reflects a market failure that requires adequate Government regulation of economic activity and the associated creation of incentives for pollution abatement and control. The main focus of the Government agenda in Georgia since 2004, however, has been on liberalizing and deregulating economic activity; and in this context the role of environmental policy in dealing with the external effects of economic activity in the form of pollution has effectively been ignored. The potential scope for more stringent environmental policy, which could have increased due to improving economic performance, has been curtailed instead. One possible reason for this appears to be concern about international competitiveness. Against this backdrop, the domestic resources devoted to financing environmental protection measures have remained inadequate. A main lack is the absence of information on private sector expenditure on pollution abatement and control. More generally, environmental protection has not been mainstreamed to any extent into the country’s development strategy for the economy as a whole.


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