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Environmental Performance Reviews: Georgia

Second Review

image of Environmental Performance Reviews: Georgia

This is the second EPR of Georgia published by UNECE. The report takes stock of the progress made by Georgia in the management of its environment since the country was first reviewed in 2001. It assesses the implementation of the recommendations in the first review (Annex I). It also covers nine issues of importance to Georgia concerning policymaking, planning and implementation, the financing of environmental policies and projects, and the integration of environmental concerns into economic sectors, in particular water management, waste management, risk management and forestry. The main outcome of the EPR is the recommendations, which were elaborated by the Expert Group, peer reviewed, discussed with a high-level delegation from Georgia and adopted by the UNECE Committee on Environmental Policy on 15 March 2010.

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Sustainable management of water resources and protection of the Black Sea

Although the 1997 Law on Water remains the main law for water management and protection, many changes in the water sector have followed the publication of the first Environmental Performance Review of Georgia in 2003, especially as far as the institutions responsible for water management are concerned. In that particular area, the spread of responsibilities makes the situation rather unclear. The water supply sector has not really developed; waterborne diseases still occur; and the sanitation situation seems to be worse than 2002. The level of river pollution is high overall, and varies depending on the amount of untreated wastewater discharges and concentration of pollutants. No national strategy on integrated water resource management has been developed. The first National Environmental Action Plan covering the years 2000–2005 only provided a broad framework of actions for the protection and management of water resources, but there was limited implementation and a long overdue NEAP is not yet in place (Chapter 1).

English

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