Environmental Performance Reviews: Morocco

image of Environmental Performance Reviews: Morocco

The present publication contains the Environmental Performance Review of Morocco. This report also covers 13 issues of importance to the country related to policymaking, planning and implementation, the financing of environmental policies and projects, and the integration of environmental concerns into economic sectors, in particular agriculture, energy, health, industry, biodiversity and protected areas, water and waste management. The Morocco review was notable as it is the first country outside of the region to request an EPR from ECE, and the process was undertaken in cooperation with the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA). The publication is aimed at officials and experts working for public authorities responsible for environmental policy, representatives of civil society, the business community, academia and the media.



Compliance and enforcement mechanisms and evaluation of their effectiveness

Morocco has several “historical layers” of environmental regulation and went through several phases of institution-building. Some of the legal acts relevant for environmental management date back to 1914, even though most of the legal framework has been gradually updated since the mid-1990s. The resulting mix of obsolete and relatively modern legal acts poses problems of consistency and general applicability. While most of the principal instruments for environmental compliance assurance (such as environmental assessment, permitting, compliance monitoring, enforcement and compliance promotion) are available, capacity for their implementation remains limited. Efforts are made in Morocco to address capacity problems and adopt strategic planning that would allow for a more effective use of available resources.


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