Environmental Performance Reviews: Morocco

image of Environmental Performance Reviews: Morocco

The present publication contains the Environmental Performance Review of Morocco. This report also covers 13 issues of importance to the country related to policymaking, planning and implementation, the financing of environmental policies and projects, and the integration of environmental concerns into economic sectors, in particular agriculture, energy, health, industry, biodiversity and protected areas, water and waste management. The Morocco review was notable as it is the first country outside of the region to request an EPR from ECE, and the process was undertaken in cooperation with the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA). The publication is aimed at officials and experts working for public authorities responsible for environmental policy, representatives of civil society, the business community, academia and the media.



Water management

Morocco has limited potential with respect to water resources and faces substantial challenges in that regard. An uneven distribution of water in space and time is the main feature of the hydrological regime. Yearly precipitation may diverge significantly (almost on a 1:10 ratio) and the same asymmetry may be observed among water basins in the course of the hydrological year. Furthermore, similarly to most Mediterranean countries, Morocco has experienced severe droughts in recent decades with occasional extreme precipitation episodes and disastrous flash floods. The water quality is also questionable.


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