Environmental Performance Reviews: Republic of Moldova

Third review

image of Environmental Performance Reviews: Republic of Moldova

The present publication contains the third Environmental Performance Review of the Republic of Moldova. The review takes stock of the progress made by the Republic of Moldova in the management of its environment since the country was reviewed in 2005 for the second time. It assesses the implementation of the recommendations contained in the second review. This second EPR also covers 10 issues of importance to the country related to policymaking, planning and implementation, the financing of environmental policies and projects and the integration of environmental concerns into economic sectors, in particular agriculture, sustainable management and protection of water resources, waste management, climate change, and biodiversity and protected areas. The publication is aimed at officials and experts working for public authorities responsible for environmental policy, representatives of civil society, the business community, academia and the media.

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Regulatory and information instruments and their enforcement

In the field of compliance and enforcement of environmental standards and requirements, moderate progress has been made by the Republic of Moldova since 2005. The staff of the main permitting and inspecting authority – the State Ecological Inspectorate – has been continuously reduced to date. The environmental legislation of the Republic of Moldova, consisting of more than 130 legal acts, regulates the protection of environmental media one by one. The system of integrated pollution prevention and control does not exist. Instead of the principle of environmental pollution prevention, the existing requirements are based on end-of-pipe control solutions. The prevention principle is foreseen in the new draft law on environmental protection which is largely based on EU environmental requirements.

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