Environmental Performance Reviews: Tajikistan

First Review

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Environmental Performance Reviews promote sustainable development throughout Europe. They present detailed studies on the environmental position of each country and examine the framework for environmental policy and management. This evaluation focuses on Tajikistan.

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Policy, legal and institutional framework

Tajikistan has a relatively well-developed framework of primary laws for environmental protection and related issues, but this is less true for secondary legislation. Environment-related norms are set out in a number of general laws and laws applicable to specific environmental issues, procedures or types of natural resources. Tajikistan’s current legislation, including in the area of environmental protection, has been developed on the basis of laws and regulations adopted during the Soviet period. Rather than devise a completely new set of legislation from scratch, Tajikistan has gradually adjusted and supplemented existing legal acts as changing conditions have required. Accordingly, existing environmental regulations form a unified system. However, as the legislation often reflects approaches to environmental management from Soviet period, certain modern issues are not regulated at all, or regulated inappropriately. In recent years, due to significant technical assistance from other countries and active international cooperation, including accession to several United Nations conventions and regional treaties, environmental legislation is being harmonized with the model regulations recommended within the framework of such conventions or treaties.

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