Environmental Performance Reviews: Tajikistan

Third Review

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The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) Environmental Performance Review Programme assesses progress made by individual countries in reconciling their economic and social development with environmental protection, as well as in meeting international commitments on environment and sustainable development. The Environmental Performance Review Programme assists countries to improve their environmental policies by making concrete recommendations for better policy design and implementation. Environmental Performance Reviews help to integrate environmental policies into sector-specific policies such as those in agriculture, energy, transport and health. Through the peer review process, the reviews promote dialogue among Governments about the effectiveness of environmental policies as well as the exchange of practical experience in implementing sustainable development and green economy initiatives. They also promote greater Government accountability to the public. The present publication contains the third Environmental Performance Review of Tajikistan. The report takes stock of progress made by the country in the management of its environment since 2010. It also covers issues of specific importance to the country related to legal and policy frameworks, the financing of environmental policies, greening the economy, and integrating environmental concerns into selected sectors, in particular air protection, water management, waste management, biodiversity, forests and protected areas, agriculture, energy, industry, transport, health and risk management of natural and technological hazards. Suggestions for strengthening efforts towards a comprehensive and systemic response to sustainable development challenges are also provided The publication is aimed at officials and experts working for public authorities responsible for environmental policy, representatives of civil society, the business community, academia and the media.

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Energy and environment

The energy resources of Tajikistan are represented by natural gas, petroleum products and very significant resources of hydropower. The country is also endowed with substantial coal resources, but exploration of coalfields is not organized on an industrial scale, due to their location in mountainous remote places. The national economy depends on imports for the bulk of its primary energy requirements, due to the low level of mining and processing of gas and oil resources. It is not foreseen that other non-conventional sources of energy, such as wind, solar and geothermal power, will significantly contribute to the energy balance in the future. The energy system in Tajikistan consists of six large hydropower plants (HPPs), several thermal power plants (TPPs), and many small, mini- and micro-HPPs.

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