Environmental Performance Reviews: Ukraine

Second Review

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This second Environmental Performance Review of Ukraine was carried out seven years after the first Review in 1999. It intends to measure the progress made by the country in managing its environment since then, and in addressing upcoming environmental challenges.

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Environmental management in the energy sector

Ukraine depends heavily on imported oil and gas for its energy production. Imports made up 50 per cent of the total primary energy supply (TPES) in 1996 and 57 per cent in 2003. Domestic energy production has continued falling in Ukraine after 2000. Crude oil extraction totalled 4.1 Mt in 1996, decreased until 2000 and then slowly increased to nearly regain 1996 levels by 2003. Domestic production of natural gas followed a similar pattern, reaching 18.4 billion cubic metres in 1996, falling until 2000 and then rising again to reach 20 billion cubic metres in 2003. Currently there is much focus in Ukraine on how to make the country less dependent on oil and gas imports.

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