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Environmental Performance Reviews: Uzbekistan

Second Review

image of Environmental Performance Reviews: Uzbekistan

This is the second Environmental Performance Review (EPR) of Uzbekistan published by UNECE. The report takes stock of the progress made by Uzbekistan in the management of its environment since the country was first reviewed in 2001. It assesses the implementation of the recommendations in the first review (Annex I). It also covers nine issues of importance to Uzbekistan concerning policymaking, planning and implementation, the financing of environmental policies and projects, and the integration of environmental concerns into economic sectors, in particular water management, land management, energy and climate change. The report places particular emphasis on climate change and water, as the country gives a high priority to this issue.

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Policymaking framework for sustainable development and environmental protection

Since the first Environmental Performance Review (EPR) in 2001, Uzbekistan has moved through significant periods of economic development, liberalization and privatization. The result in overall growth has been impressive: since 2002, gross domestic product (GDP) has grown from a rate of 4 per cent to a consistent rate of 7 per cent from 2005 to the present. Government policies have supported macroeconomic stability, encouraged economic growth, improved the business environment and facilitated private sector development. Although the world economic recession has not had a great impact on Uzbekistan, at the end of 2008 the Government decided to introduce a large-scale anti-crisis package targeted at export promotion, greater demand for domestically produced goods, higher energy efficiency and the further development of small and medium-sized enterprises.

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