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Forest Products Annual Market Review 2013-2014

image of Forest Products Annual Market Review 2013-2014

The UNECE/FAO Forest Products Annual Market Review, 2013-2014 provides general and statistical information on forest products markets and related policies in the UN Economic Commission for Europe region (Europe, North America and the Commonwealth of Independent States). The Review begins with an overview chapter, followed by analysis of government and industry policies and market-based implements affecting forest products markets. The third chapter is on innovation in the forest sector. Five chapters are based on annual country-supplied statistics, describing: wood raw materials, sawn softwood, sawn hardwood, wood-based panels, and paper, paperboard and woodpulp. Additional chapters discuss markets for wood energy, value-added wood products, and housing. In each chapter, production, trade and consumption are analysed and relevant material on specific markets is included. Tables and graphs provided throughout the text present summary information.

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Wood energy

Wood energy continues to be price-competitive compared with fossil-fuel alternatives in the European subregion. Governments have contributed to this by defining renewable energy mandates and providing various types of financial support to promote wood energy use. In the residential heating sector, wood energy is already largely competitive without government intervention but its use may be limited by initial equipment costs. In 2013, strong European demand led to increased imports of industrial and residential pellets from across the UNECE region. The major feature of the North American wood energy market continues to be wood pellet exports to Europe. Proposed US rules for a 30% reduction (from 2005 levels) in carbon emissions in the electricity sector by 2030 will influence future demand for wood energy and other renewables. In the CIS, particularly the Russian Federation and Belarus, briquettes, wood chips and wood pellets are increasingly being used domestically. Wood pellet production is expected to increase in 2014 as capacity expands in the Russian Federation’s far east. Public policy and competing energy sources, coupled with geopolitical issues, are among the most important factors influencing wood energy markets in the UNECE region.

English

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