IOM outlook on migration, environment and climate change

image of IOM outlook on migration, environment and climate change
IOM Outlook on Migration, Environment and Climate Change aims to bring together in one easy-to-access reference document the knowledge accrued by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and to present IOM’s role, understanding and approach to environmental migration. This reference publication builds on IOM’s expertise on the topic at the policy, research, international migration law, advocacy and operational levels. The publication targets a broad external audience, including but not limited to policymakers, practitioners, researchers, international agencies, private sector, donors, students and think tanks.



Environmental migration and development policy

Understanding of the complex relationship between international migration and development has increased greatly over recent years. It is high on the current international agenda, with the second United Nations General Assembly High Level Dialogue on Migration and Development having been held in October 2013, and ongoing discussions in regard to including migration within the post-2015 development framework process. In parallel, the challenges posed by climate change for development are increasingly understood, such as the impact of recurrent disasters on GDP. However, the nexus linking climate change, migration and development has received far less attention, particularly in regard to internal migration dynamics within developing countries. Rural–urban migration within developing countries poses a major challenge for cities already struggling to accommodate natural population growth, and it is expected that climate change will increase rural–urban flows.


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