IOM outlook on migration, environment and climate change

image of IOM outlook on migration, environment and climate change
IOM Outlook on Migration, Environment and Climate Change aims to bring together in one easy-to-access reference document the knowledge accrued by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and to present IOM’s role, understanding and approach to environmental migration. This reference publication builds on IOM’s expertise on the topic at the policy, research, international migration law, advocacy and operational levels. The publication targets a broad external audience, including but not limited to policymakers, practitioners, researchers, international agencies, private sector, donors, students and think tanks.



Terminology on migration, environment and climate change

There is no legally agreed upon definition of environmental migrants and migration. Yet, there is a tendency to assume that migration can easily be linked causally to environmental “drivers” and that such movements are predominantly of a “forced” nature. As such, the terms climate change and environmental refugee have been frequently used in the media and in some publications. However, closer analysis reveals that neither of these assumptions holds true and there is growing consensus that such terminology should not be used (this issue is discussed further below and in Brief 4).


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