IOM outlook on migration, environment and climate change

image of IOM outlook on migration, environment and climate change
IOM Outlook on Migration, Environment and Climate Change aims to bring together in one easy-to-access reference document the knowledge accrued by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and to present IOM’s role, understanding and approach to environmental migration. This reference publication builds on IOM’s expertise on the topic at the policy, research, international migration law, advocacy and operational levels. The publication targets a broad external audience, including but not limited to policymakers, practitioners, researchers, international agencies, private sector, donors, students and think tanks.



A gender approach to environmental migration

It is increasingly acknowledged that gender is one of the most important factors shaping the migratory experience. Migration is inherently gendered – women and men tend to have different migration patterns at every stage of the migration cycle (predeparture, transit, arrival, stay and return). The pressure to migrate, risk perception, priorities, strategies, destination choices, employment prospects, access to integration or reintegration activities also vary by gender. Experience shows that migration can lead to shifts in gender roles, contribute to changing oppressive gender relations, and provide new opportunities to improve women’s and men’s lives.


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