Monitoring and Governance of Persistent Organic Pollutants in Asia

image of Monitoring and Governance of Persistent Organic Pollutants in Asia

A variety of chemical compounds has been released into water from industrial and agricultural activities and urban wastes. Some of those chemicals are harmful to living organisms and are resistant to degradation, thus named persistent organic pollutants (POPs). In efforts to manage chemical pollutants such as POPs in Asia, the United Nations University (UNU) and Shimadzu Corporation established a pilot project in 1996, “Environmental Monitoring and Analysis in the East Asian Region”, to aid developing Asian countries with the knowledge and technology to analyse and monitor such pollutants in the environment. This book summarizes some highlights of monitoring results obtained by the project’s activities for 15 years, and reports the present status of the project, touching on the future development of the project by analysing challenges ahead of the project.



Monitoring of selected organochlorine and organophosphate

Malaysia is experiencing a continuous rapid change in land use associated with government development policies. Among the states in Malaysia, Selangor is the most rapidly developing and densely populated with 3.9 million inhabitants in the year 2000 (Department of Statistic Malaysia, 2001). Rapid changes in land use accompanied severe environmental degradation in various environmental compartments such as the forest, wetland and aquatic ecosystems. During the 1960s and 1970s the Malaysian economy was mainly driven by agricultural activities. But from the 1980s onwards, there has been a major economic transformation, particularly in the manufacturing sector, as the government has been aiming toward industrialization. During the period between 1981 and 1995, the land used for agriculture in the state of Selangor increased from 46% to 49% due to an increase in oil palm plantations.


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