Monitoring and Governance of Persistent Organic Pollutants in Asia

image of Monitoring and Governance of Persistent Organic Pollutants in Asia

A variety of chemical compounds has been released into water from industrial and agricultural activities and urban wastes. Some of those chemicals are harmful to living organisms and are resistant to degradation, thus named persistent organic pollutants (POPs). In efforts to manage chemical pollutants such as POPs in Asia, the United Nations University (UNU) and Shimadzu Corporation established a pilot project in 1996, “Environmental Monitoring and Analysis in the East Asian Region”, to aid developing Asian countries with the knowledge and technology to analyse and monitor such pollutants in the environment. This book summarizes some highlights of monitoring results obtained by the project’s activities for 15 years, and reports the present status of the project, touching on the future development of the project by analysing challenges ahead of the project.



POPs in the selected rivers and Arabian Sea in Pakistan

Pakistan is a South Asian country that shares its borders with neighboring India, China, Iran and Afghanistan. The Arabian Sea makes its southern boundary with 1,064 km of coastline. The country has a total area of 803,940 km2 with a land area of 796,095 km2. The northern highlands, the Indus River plain and the Baluchistan Plateau are the three major geographical regions of the country. Less than one-fifth of the land area is cultivated; cotton, rice, wheat, sugarcane and maize are the main crops.


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