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Monitoring and Governance of Persistent Organic Pollutants in Asia

image of Monitoring and Governance of Persistent Organic Pollutants in Asia

A variety of chemical compounds has been released into water from industrial and agricultural activities and urban wastes. Some of those chemicals are harmful to living organisms and are resistant to degradation, thus named persistent organic pollutants (POPs). In efforts to manage chemical pollutants such as POPs in Asia, the United Nations University (UNU) and Shimadzu Corporation established a pilot project in 1996, “Environmental Monitoring and Analysis in the East Asian Region”, to aid developing Asian countries with the knowledge and technology to analyse and monitor such pollutants in the environment. This book summarizes some highlights of monitoring results obtained by the project’s activities for 15 years, and reports the present status of the project, touching on the future development of the project by analysing challenges ahead of the project.

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Pesticides, PCBs and PBDEs monitoring in India

OCPs are a group of compounds categorized as persistent organic pollutants (POPs) that produce a wide range of health effects and pose a potential hazard to the environment. They have been used extensively in tropical countries against agricultural pests and for public health purposes. In India, although the dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane DDT is banned for agriculture, it is still in use to combat the propagation of disease-transmitting vectors. Lindane (γ HCH) is also still in agricultural use. India is the second largest user of pesticides in Asia next to China. A number of reports have been released on OCP residues in various environments, groundwater (Shukla et al., 2006; Sankararamakrishnan et al., 2005), estuarine water (Guzzella et al., 2005), river water (Sankararamakrishnan et al., 2005; Singh, 2005; Rajendran and Subramanian, 1997), marine sediment (Rajendran et al., 2005; Pandit et al., 2006), biota (Kannan et al., 2005) and atmospheric air (Rajendran et al., 1999).

English

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