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Monitoring and Governance of Persistent Organic Pollutants in Asia

image of Monitoring and Governance of Persistent Organic Pollutants in Asia

A variety of chemical compounds has been released into water from industrial and agricultural activities and urban wastes. Some of those chemicals are harmful to living organisms and are resistant to degradation, thus named persistent organic pollutants (POPs). In efforts to manage chemical pollutants such as POPs in Asia, the United Nations University (UNU) and Shimadzu Corporation established a pilot project in 1996, “Environmental Monitoring and Analysis in the East Asian Region”, to aid developing Asian countries with the knowledge and technology to analyse and monitor such pollutants in the environment. This book summarizes some highlights of monitoring results obtained by the project’s activities for 15 years, and reports the present status of the project, touching on the future development of the project by analysing challenges ahead of the project.

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Monitoring of POPs in the hydrosphere of Indonesia

Global contamination by POPs is now of international concern (Kannan et al., 1995, Allsopp et al., 1997). It is related to the negative impact of POPs to the environment. After release into the environment, POPs disperse widely across environmental compartment, and may endanger a significant part of the biosphere, including human beings. Their global transportation makes every place in the world vulnerable to pollution by POPs, and the world’s oceans gradually become the largest reservoir of the most persistent chemicals. Their resistance to degradation and the high bioaccumulative capacity jeopardize the health of biological organisms, which are incapable of metabolizing or excreting these synthetic compounds. High-ranking members in food chains such as fish-eating birds, marine animals and mammals including human beings are most seriously threatened.

English

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