Natural Resources and Conflict

A Guide for Mediation

image of Natural Resources and Conflict

This guide collects and summarizes good practices on the successful mediation of resource conflicts. It draws on the field experiences of mediators and mediation experts, specifically those with natural resource expertise. It also features lessons learned from UNEP’s work on environmental diplomacy in different conflict-affected countries, with a particular focus on how to use impartial technical knowledge to equalize stakeholder information in a mediation process.

English Spanish, French


Guidance for mediation in specific natural resource sectors

This section focuses on mediating conflicts in three natural resource sectors: Extractive resources, land, and water. It builds on the four mediation phases, described in the previous section, that apply to any natural resource dispute. Following a brief introduction to each type of resource, each discussion then highlights key conflict factors in the sector and presents a series of effective mediation strategies and agreement models. A list of questions that may be useful during the assessment phase of a mediation process is also included.

English Spanish, French

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