Natural Resources and Conflict

A Guide for Mediation

image of Natural Resources and Conflict

This guide collects and summarizes good practices on the successful mediation of resource conflicts. It draws on the field experiences of mediators and mediation experts, specifically those with natural resource expertise. It also features lessons learned from UNEP’s work on environmental diplomacy in different conflict-affected countries, with a particular focus on how to use impartial technical knowledge to equalize stakeholder information in a mediation process.



UN guidance for effective mediation – A synopsis

Mediation is one of the most effective methods of preventing, managing, and resolving conflicts. To be effective, however, a mediation process requires more than the appointment of a high-profile individual to act as a third party. Stakeholders often need to be persuaded of the merits of mediation, and peace processes must be supported politically, technically, and financially. Ad hoc and poorly coordinated mediation efforts—even when launched with the best of intentions—do not advance the goal of achieving durable peace.


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