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Regional State of the Coast Report

Western Indian Ocean

image of Regional State of the Coast Report

The Regional State of Coast Report for the western Indian Ocean (WIO) is the first comprehensive regional synthesis to provide insights into the enormous economic potential around the WIO, the consequential demand for marine ecosystem goods and services to match the increasing human population, the pace and scale of environmental changes taking place in the region and the opportunities to avoid serious degradation in one of the world’s unique and highly biodiverse oceans.

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Introduction - Biodiversity

While biodiversity is most simply defined by the Oxford dictionary as the variety of plant and animal life in the world or in a particular habitat, it is given greater complexity within certain disciplines. It can be viewed quite differently, for example, if one considers species diversity not from the more classical approach, but rather according to genetic diversity, where the variation within species at the molecular level is also considered, or ecosystem diversity, in which the same matrix of species can result in different biotopes under different environmental conditions. In the latter case, processes and species interactions within the ecosystem enter consideration, along with species diversity itself.

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