Regional State of the Coast Report

Western Indian Ocean

image of Regional State of the Coast Report

The Regional State of Coast Report for the western Indian Ocean (WIO) is the first comprehensive regional synthesis to provide insights into the enormous economic potential around the WIO, the consequential demand for marine ecosystem goods and services to match the increasing human population, the pace and scale of environmental changes taking place in the region and the opportunities to avoid serious degradation in one of the world’s unique and highly biodiverse oceans.



Policy analysis and options

In most, if not all, of the countries in the western Indian Ocean (WIO) region, there are established or evolving public policy frameworks that anchor or support the legal, institutional and other governance frameworks. For example, there is an evolving integrated coastal zone and river basin management policy framework for Kenya, while integrated coastal zone management (ICZM) policies and institutional regimes exist in Mozambique, Mauritius, Tanzania, and South Africa. Moreover, there are developments in that direction in the other countries of the region, as described in the following sections.


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