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Regional State of the Coast Report

Western Indian Ocean

image of Regional State of the Coast Report

The Regional State of Coast Report for the western Indian Ocean (WIO) is the first comprehensive regional synthesis to provide insights into the enormous economic potential around the WIO, the consequential demand for marine ecosystem goods and services to match the increasing human population, the pace and scale of environmental changes taking place in the region and the opportunities to avoid serious degradation in one of the world’s unique and highly biodiverse oceans.

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Urbanisation, coastal development and vulnerability, and catchments

The growth of urban areas that form coastal cities, especially in the WIO, places an increasing demand on natural coastal extractive and non-extractive resources. The use and conversion of coastal land and catchments is considered a permanent effect of growth and development. Urbanisation has direct effects on biodiversity and the state of the coastal environment. The location of coastal urbanisation inherently translates to socio-economic vulnerability. Coastal cities of the WIO region are desirable places to live and work which results in ongoing and increasing urbanisation. The populations of the urban areas of the region are also vulnerable to natural disasters associated with this location in the coastal zone.

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