Regional State of the Coast Report

Western Indian Ocean

image of Regional State of the Coast Report

The Regional State of Coast Report for the western Indian Ocean (WIO) is the first comprehensive regional synthesis to provide insights into the enormous economic potential around the WIO, the consequential demand for marine ecosystem goods and services to match the increasing human population, the pace and scale of environmental changes taking place in the region and the opportunities to avoid serious degradation in one of the world’s unique and highly biodiverse oceans.



Oil, gas and renewable energy

This chapter describes the status of development and utilisation of the various energy sources present in or accessed from the marine environment. For over ten years, natural methane gas extracted from below the seabed has been used to produce energy in some countries, famously in Tanzania and Mozambique. However, there are other less obvious alternatives to energy available in the sea, notably from tides, currents and waves and the thermal properties of waters from the deep ocean.


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