Satoyama-Satoumi Ecosystems and Human Well-Being

Socio-Ecological Production Landscapes of Japan

image of Satoyama-Satoumi Ecosystems and Human Well-Being
This publication analyses changes which have occured in satoyama-satoumi ecosystems over the last 50 years and identifies plausible future scenarios for the year 2050 taking into account various drivers such as governmental and economic policy, climate change, technology and socio-behavioural responses. This provides a new approach to landuse planning that addresses not only economic development but also cultural values and ecological integrity. This book is a key reference text for development planners, postgraduate students, policymakers, scientists and others interested in the environment and development.



Western Japan cluster

Satoyama has experienced two changes due to the social changes that have been commonly observed over the past 50 years across Japan. One of the changes is urbanization and underuse (cessation of use). The other change is a greater geographical distance between the areas of ecosystem service provision and the areas of service consumption. Traditionally, most ecosystem services for human use were provided and utilized within human settlements. However, currently, people are benefiting from services that are provided by countries overseas. These social changes have brought about changes in ecosystems and ecosystem services. In the Western Japan cluster assessment, social responses to these changes were reviewed and the efficacy of the response measures was assessed. Ultimately, this chapter on the Western Japan cluster assessment is intended to serve as a basic document for establishing scenarios for a sustainable society that will make the best of renewable natural resources.


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